Different Weight Loss Surgery – Obesity is a medical term for a chronic disease that can threaten human health. If this one disease is not addressed immediately, it may pose a future threat to health.
There are several things you can do to lose weight, ranging from dieting by adjusting your diet to performing surgery to lose weight.
On this occasion, let’s discuss how to lose weight through surgery. Weight-loss surgery can help you change your digestive system and control your appetite.
Candidate for weight loss surgery
People who can be candidates for weight loss surgery include:
- People who are obese with a body mass index of more than 30 and have weight-related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and uncontrolled blood sugar despite treatment.
- BMI is higher than 35 despite not having any weight-related conditions.
- Know about the risks and benefits.
- Ready to adjust the diet after surgery.
- Already committed to changing your lifestyle in order to maintain your weight.
Bariatric surgery can only be performed by adults, so it is not recommended for teenagers. Unless the teen has a BMI above 35 and has a weight-related medical condition.
Weight Loss Surgery Types
Bariatric surgery requires only small incisions using minimally invasive techniques or robotic surgery. The procedure performed for this surgery can be reduced in different ways.
- Restrictive surgeries
The first surgery works to shrink your stomach and make digestion slower. If your stomach could hold up to 3 liters of food before surgery,Then, after the surgery, your stomach can only hold one ounce, and then it can grow again up to three ounces. As a result, as your stomach shrinks, the amount of food you can eat decreases.The less food you can eat, the more weight you will lose.
- Malabsorptive/restrictive surgeries
This surgery is done to change the way you consume food. Because part of your digestive tract is cut during this surgery, your stomach shrinks.This can make it difficult for your body to absorb calories. Because of the negative side effects, doctors rarely perform this surgery.
- Implanting an electrical device
This is the latest technique that can help promote weight loss by interfering with the signals in the nerves between the stomach and the brain.
Different Weight Loss Surgery – Adjustable Gastric Banding
This is a restrictive type of weight-loss surgery. When performing this surgery, a different doctor uses a rubber band to compress the stomach and divide it into two parts.
The upper bag is smaller when compared to the lower part. Even so, there is still a very small channel that connects the two parts and serves to slow down emptying in the upper pocket.
People who have this surgery typically eat only one cup of food before feeling full and in pain. The food consumed should also be soft and well chewed.
Another type of restricted weight reduction surgery is vertical gastric sleeve surgery (VSG surgery). During the procedure, the surgeon removes around 80% of your stomach.
All that is left is a tiny tube or sleeve that attaches to your intestines. This operation reduces your appetite by eliminating a portion of the stomach that produces hormones that stimulate hunger.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
The gastric bypass procedure incorporates both restrictive and malabsorptive techniques.
During the procedure, the surgeon separates the stomach into two halves, sealing off the top and bottom sections. The upper part of the stomach is then connected right away by the surgeon to the lower part of the small intestine.
Essentially, the surgeon is building a bypass for the meal, skipping a portion of the stomach and small intestine. By avoiding certain portions of the digestive track, your body absorbs fewer calories.