How do IP Addresses Work – See More

How do IP Addresses Work –  Addresses on the Internet Protocol are an essential part of the current-day internet. They are the building blocks of modern digital communications because they enable different devices to connect to one another and communicate with one another. However, how do they operate in practice? In this piece, we’ll go over the fundamentals of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and the function that they serve within the larger ecosystem of the internet.

What is an IP address?

An IP address is a number that is used to identify each device on a network that communicates using the Internet Protocol (IP). IP addresses are like mailing addresses in that they let data get sent to a certain place. In the case of IP addresses, this place is an internet-connected device.

There are two kinds of IP addresses: IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 is the older of the two, and its addresses are made with a 32-bit format. This format can make about 4 billion unique addresses, which may seem like a lot, but the Internet is growing so fast that these addresses are running out quickly. IPv6 was made to solve this problem. It uses a 128-bit format that can make an almost infinite number of unique addresses.

How do IP Addresses Work

How are IP addresses assigned?

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a non-profit organization, is in charge of managing how IP addresses are given out around the world. IANA gives regional Internet registries (RIRs) large blocks of addresses based on where they are in the world. The RIRs then give smaller blocks of addresses to internet service providers (ISPs), who then give them to their customers.

Your internet service provider (ISP) gives your device an IP address when you connect to the internet. This address could be dynamic, which means it changes every time you connect to the internet, or it could be static, which means it stays the same every time. Most servers and other devices that need to be on the internet all the time use static addresses.

What are the limitations of IP addresses?

IP addresses are an important part of the internet, but they have their limits. The fact that IP addresses are set up in a hierarchy is one of the most important problems. This means that a network’s routers need to know where to send packets based on the IP address of the device they are going to. As the internet grows and gets more complicated, routing tables get bigger and harder to keep track of.

Another problem with IP addresses is that they can be changed to look like something else. IP spoofing is one way that attackers can make it look like their packets are coming from a different IP address than they really are. This can be used to attack other devices on the network and hide the real location of the attacker.

How do IP addresses allow devices to communicate?

When two devices on a network need to talk to each other, they send and receive data packets using their IP addresses. These packets hold the data being sent as well as the IP addresses of the source and the destination. Routers on the network use this information to send packets to where they are supposed to go.

For example, let’s say you want to go to a website. When you type a website’s URL into your web browser, your device sends a request to the website’s server, asking it to send you the page. This request has both the IP address of your device and the IP address of the server that runs the website. This information is used by the routers between your device and the server to send the request to the server. The server then sends the page back to your device in the form of data packets. Then, your device puts these pieces together to make the page you see in your web browser.


In conclusion, IP addresses are an important part of the internet we use today. They make it possible for devices to connect and talk to each other. They are the backbone of the internet. IANA gives IP addresses to ISPs, and the ISPs then give them to their customers. When two devices on a network need to communicate, they use their IP addresses to send and receive data packets. But IP addresses have some flaws, like the fact that they are organized in a hierarchy and can be faked.