Diabetes Weight Loss Surgery –Weight loss surgery is called bariatric surgery, which is minimally invasive and can be used for type 2 diabetes. This surgery to treat diabetes serves to regulate the sugar in the blood. One type of surgery is called a duodenal switch.
Bariatric Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes?
According to doctors, weight loss surgery can help treat type 2 diabetes by regulating blood sugar levels. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when blood sugar levels are high. This blood sugar is one of the main sources of energy for cells in the human body.
Glucose can enter the cells because of a hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. So when your body does not produce insulin, this glucose cannot enter the cells and will remain in the blood.
If this glucose is present for an extended period of time, it can cause problems and lead to serious diabetes complications. If this happens, it can affect the kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
One important factor that causes diabetes is obesity. People who are obese are 10 times more at risk of developing this disease. Foods that have a high carbohydrate and fat content can cause fatty acids in the blood to increase and create a buildup of fat in the muscles and liver.
If this happens, it can cause insulin resistance and inflammation. Over time, this can trigger the pancreas to stop making enough insulin for the body.
Surgery for weight loss is called bariatric surgery. There are several types of surgery. Some surgeries are done in a minimally invasive way with laparoscopy. This operation simply needs a very little incision.
Diabetes Weight Loss Surgery – Weight Loss Surgery Conditions
- You’re more than 100 pounds overweight for your height.
- You have a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 40.
- You have a BMI greater than 35 and are suffering from serious health consequences associated with obesity, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
- Even with medical supervision, it is impossible to maintain a healthy weight for an extended period of time.
For diabetes bariatric surgery:
- If you have a BMI of 35 or above, type 2 diabetes, and/or other conditions associated with excess weight, and you haven’t been able to reach normal fasting blood sugar (less than 125 mg/dl or HbA1c less than 7%), you may be a candidate for diabetes surgery.
- When diabetes is difficult to manage, persons may be eligible for bariatric surgery even if their BMI is less than 35.
Surgeries for Obesity Treatment
- Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
- Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG)
- Duodenal Switch (DS)
Benefits of Diabetes Weight Loss Surgery
Most patients lose 50 to 80% of their excess weight within 18 to 24 months after the surgery. But if the effect is on blood sugar, it will be felt within a few days after the surgery.
For people who have had this surgery, they can reduce or even eliminate their diabetes medications. This surgery is indeed quite effective for controlling diabetes.
As many as 33 percent of patients who have undergone this operation no longer need diabetes drugs. 85% of patients no longer require medication after two years.
People with a type of diabetes that doesn’t need medication and who have had diabetes for less than five years are more likely to have their diabetes go away completely.
Resolution is also more prevalent in those who have lost more weight following surgery. High blood pressure and high cholesterol are also benefits. These risk factors for strokes and heart attacks are also improved and/or resolved following surgery.
Risks of Diabetes Weight Loss Surgery
- Poor anesthetic response.
- During surgery, adjacent organs are damaged.
- Formation of a blood clot.
- Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, which covers and supports the organs in the abdomen.
Hopefully, the information is useful!